Probably the most popular type of coffee in the world, a cappuccino consists of three layers. The key difference between a latte and cappuccino is that a cappuccino has more foam and chocolate placed on top of the drink. Also a cappuccino is made in a cup rather than a tumbler glass. A shot of espresso is added first,then a shot of steamed milk, and finally the barista adds a layer of frothed & foamy milk. This final layer is often topped with chocolate shavings or powder. Generally, Italians consume this type of coffee at breakfast.
A café latte or “latte” for short, is an espresso based drink with steamed milk and micro-foam added to the coffee. It is sweeter compared to an espresso due to the steamed milk. A shot of espresso is added into a tumbler glass, then steamed milk is added along with 1cm of micro-foam on top of the steamed milk. Voila! Your latte is ready!
The espresso aka “short black” is the bottom line and the most significant part of every espresso based drink. To make an espresso, shoot boiling water under high pressure through finely grounded coffee beans and then pour into a tiny mug.
Pretty simple right? Well, it’s unusually difficult to master. Espressos are the purest coffee experience one can get and it can be a truly singular drinking experience when you find a good brew.
Flat White / Long Black
The two Kiwi coffees available are the long black and the flat white – well both of them originated in New Zealand and Australia.
A flat white is a coffee which is made the same as a cappuccino expect it does not have any foam or chocolate on top For a flat white, the steamed milk from the bottom of the jug ( not so frothy, but rather creamy) is poured over a shot of espresso.
A long black (aka “americano”) is hot water with an espresso shot extracted on top of the hot water. Hot water is poured into a cup, and then two shots of espresso are poured into the water. Long blacks can be quite strong, and have more creamy foam than an Americano.